BOTANY-FACTS-1

VERY INTERSTING FACTS ON BOTANY

  • National flower of India
    Lotus (Nelumbium nucifera = Nelumbo speciosum)
lotus-indian-national-flower
  • National flower of London RoseRose-national-flower-britan
  • National fruit of India
    Mango (Mangifera indica)

 

  • A plant with only 2 leaves
    Welwitschai mirabilis (a gymnosperm)
Welwitschai-mirabilis-two-leaves-plant
  • Maiden Hair moss
    Pogonatum
Pogonatum-Maiden-Hair-moss
  • Maiden hair fern
    Adiantum capillusveneris
Adiantum-Maiden-hair-fern
  • Grasses of sea
    Diatoms
Diatoms-grass-of-sea
  • Children of sea
    Algae
Algae-children-of-sea
  • Forest of sea
    Sea weeds (keips)
keips-Sea weeds-forest
  • Joker of plant kingdom
    Mycoplasma (PPLO)
Mycoplasma-pplo
  • Jewels of plant kingdom
    Desmids (algae)
Desmids-jewls-botany
  • A gift of old world to new world
    Wheat (Tritium)
Wheat-triticum
  • A gift of new world to old world
    Maize (Zea Mays)
Maize-zeamays
  • Oldest cultivated crop
    Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
Barley-Hordeum
  • Kalpvriksha (Tree of heaven)
    Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera)
Coconut-kalpavruksha

 

bryophyta-first-land-plants
  • Red Sea
    Due to blue green alga Trichondesmium erythreum
  • Most commonly seen fungi
    Basidiomycetes
  • Drosophila of plant kingdom
    Neurospora crassa (red/pink Bread mould)
Neurospora-crassa-red-pink Bread-mould)
  • Guinea pig of microbiology and weed of laboratories
    Aspergillus niger-green mold
Aspergillus-niger
  • Resupination
    Ovary rotates by 1800 in orchids
  • Major source of sugar in world
    Beet roots
  • Phytotron
    A device in which plants are grown in controlled conditions.
Phytotron
  • Tillandsw usneoids
    Grows on telegraphic wires
Tillandsw-usneoids
  • Ermarki and Ranunculus lobatus
    Plants recorded at higher altitude (21000 ft)
  • Smallest Angiosperm
    Woiffia arrhiza inch long rootless.
Woiffia-smallest-angiosperm
  • Smallest flower
    Woiffia microscopica (duck weed) 0. 1 mm
  • Smallest seed
    Orchids (weighs 0.004 mg)
  • Smallest Gymnosperm
    Zamina pygmea (25 cm tall)
Zamina-pygmea-smallest-gymnosperm
  • Smallest acellular oganisms and
    Mycoplasma galliseptium (0.3—0.5 iL)
  • also visit fact of botany-2
  • Minimum number of chromosomes in Angiosperms and in an eukaryote
    Haplopappus gracilis 2n = 4
Haplopappus-gracilis-Minimum number-of-chromosomes
  • Smallest Algae
    Chalamydomonas (Green alga)
Chalamydomonas (Green alga)
  • Largest Algae
    Macrocvstis (Brown Alga — kelp) upto 60 mt.
Macrocvstis-largest-algae
  • Smallest fungi
    Yeast
  • Largest fungi
    Ganoderma (A wood fungus) I mt. Fomes (56 x 37’)
Ganoderma-largest-fungi
  • Smallest bryophyte
    Zoopsis, Ephemerum (Pigmy moss)
  • Largest bryophyte
    Dawsonia, Fontinalis (brook moss)
Dawsonia-largest-bryophyte
  • Smallest pteridophyte
    Azolla
Azolla-smallest-pteridophyte1
  • Largest pteridophyte
    Treefem (Cyathaea) 20 mt. Aisphila (60 feet)
Cyathaea-largest-pteridophyte
  • marine angiosperm
    zostera,Thalassa
zostera-marine-angiosperm
  • Walking fern
    Adianturn caudatum
  • Sun fern
    Pteris
Pteris-sun-fern
  • Aquatic ferns
    Azolla, Marsilea, Salvinia
  • Bhojpatra
    Betula utilis — Bark of this plant was used to write manuscript in ancient times.
  • Saprophytic angiosperms•
    Wullshcleigellia), Neottia (Bird’s nest orchid), Monotrapa (Indian pipe plant) Carallorhiza etc. absorb humus through fungi
Neottia-saprophyte Red-Data-Book
  • Green data Book
    A book with list of rare plants growing in protected areas like gardens.
  • Coptis
    A stemless herb
Coptis-stemless-herb
  • Sulphur shower
    Liberation of pollen grain in large amount by pine trees.
  • Killer weed
    Parthenium hysterophorus (called- congress or carrot grass, belongs to family compositae)

 

Parthenium-killer-weed

3 comments:

  1. good and helpful site

    ReplyDelete
  2. Very much informative... Good work done

    ReplyDelete